The Riddle of Passover Bone


During the Jewish celebration of Passover, a special plate with symbolic items is set as the centerpiece of every table. Passover is the remembrance of the Exodus of God’s chosen people from Egypt. One of the items placed on this special plate is a bone. The name of the bone in Hebrew is זְרוֹעַ (zeroah) which literally means, “arm”.

The bone is meant to represent the Passover lamb offered in the days when the temple stood in Jerusalem. Today, there is no lamb on the Passover menu because God commanded His people to eat not just lamb, but specifically the “sacrificed lamb” to celebrate the feast. But why is the bone placed at the center of the Passover table called an “arm” –  זְרוֹעַ (zeroah)? A lamb and an arm are entirely different things!

The answer lies in the description of how God promised to deliver Israel. “Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm (בִּזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה) and with great judgments (Ex 6:6). Traditionally, the bone is supposed to be the shank bone of the lamb – and herein lies the symbolism.  The outstretched arm of the LORD –  זְרוֹעַ (zeroah) can be seen as the sacrificed lamb whose blood shielded the firstborn of Israel from the plague of death.


New Sounds And Lights at Jerusalem’s Tower of David Celebrate Past, Present and Future of King David’s Capital City – Breaking Israel News | Latest News. Biblical Perspective.

By Eliana Rudee March 13, 2018 , 3:00 pm

“Your neck is like the Tower of David, Built to hold weapons, Hung with a thousand shields— All the quivers of warriors.” (Song of Songs 4:4)

Capture of King David in the Tower of David Museum’s “Night Spectacular” on the Biblical story of David (Credit: Naftali Hilger – Tower of David Museum)

The Bible will be in full color in Jerusalem, as the Tower of David Museum’s new “Night Spectacular” sound and light show is set to open to the public on April 1, 2018.

The show features the Biblical story of David, from shepherd-to-king, projected on the walls and archaeological excavations of the ancient citadel. The site of the Tower of David, although a misnomer, represents a historical connect that is relevant to the modern discussion of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

A Historical Disconnect

Calling the ancient citadel near the Old City of Jerusalem the “Tower of David,” is a misnomer dating back to the Crusaders, as the tower is not located in what we know today was the City of David. Renee Sivan, an archaeologist and the concept creator and curator of the Night Spectacular, told  Breaking Israel News, “there is no connection between the Tower [of David] and David, but there was a myth that it was connected.”

Nevertheless, she said the “multi-fascinated and fascinating character of King David who has inspired artists for hundreds of years was certainly a most fitting subject to explore at the Tower of David.”

Byzantine Christians believed the site to be the palace of King David and derived the name “Tower of David” from a Bible passage in Song of Songs, attributed to King Solomon, King David’s son:

“Your neck is like the Tower of David, Built to hold weapons, Hung with a thousand shields— All the quivers of warriors.” (Song of Songs 4:4)

The Tower of David, home to the Tower of David Museum, is the citadel at Jaffa Gate next to the entrance to the Old City. It is a structure from the time of King Herod with Ottoman additions. However, the true City of David is an archaeological site located just outside the Old City Walls, south of the Dung Gate.

Capture of the Tower of David Museum’s “Night Spectacular” on the Biblical story of David (Credit: Naftali Hilger – Tower of David Museum)

Eilat Lieber, director of the Tower of David Museum, commented on the archaeological disconnect, calling the connection “symbolic.”

“For 2000 years there has been a symbolic connection between the site where the citadel stands today and King David,” Lieber told Breaking Israel News. “It began with the writings of Joseph Ben Matityahu – Josephus Flavius – who described Herod’s palace and the impressive three-tower fortress built next to the palace as the Citadel of David because of its strength and magnificence.”

A Historical Connect: Past, Present and Future

Although the site of the Tower of David is not truly David’s tower, the modern relevance of story of David, illustrated upon the walls of the Tower of David, is undeniable.

“There is no historical person more connected to Jerusalem than the Biblical figure of King David,” Lieber said. She that today, a time when so many voices deny the Jewish peoples’ connection to Jerusalem, the story of King David illuminates the Jewish past, present, and future in Jerusalem.


Capture of King Saul listening to King David play the harp in the Tower of David Museum’s “Night Spectacular” on the Biblical story of David (Credit: Naftali Hilger – Tower of David Museum)

King David’s story is the story of Jerusalem, and the story of its establishment as the capital of the Jewish homeland 3,000 years ago, when King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established the capital of his kingdom there. It remained the capital of the Jewish kingdom for 400 years, until the destruction of the first Temple at the hands of the Babylonians, which is well documented in the Biblical books of SamuelKings and Chronicles, and in the books of various prophets.

The shared heritage between Jews and Christians began in Jerusalem during the time of King David.

“He was a universal king, and unifies the tribes,” Sivan said, explaining that in Judaism, David is the father of the Davidic dynasty, from which according to tradition, the Messiah will come. Christianity also bases its faith on the Davidic dynasty.

In addition, Sivan said, David has been the inspiration for artists for centuries and is one of the most well-known Biblical figures in the history of art. Part of the show features the great works of art by Chagall, Matisse, Michelangelo and others in an artistic tribute to the artists, painters and sculptors who immortalized the image of the celebrated King David.

In addition to the citadel telling relevant stories of Jerusalem’s past, the Tower of David is ensuring Jerusalem’s future.

According to Amir Halevy, Director-General for the Israeli Ministry of Tourism, the Tower of David Museum’s Night Spectacular show is “a very important product” for Jerusalem. Over 2 million people have already seen the first Night Spectacular, which highlighted the various powers and tumultuous history in Jerusalem’s 4,000 year history, and he maintained that it has greatly contributed to 2017’s record year for Israeli tourism.

“In February, we had 300,000 tourists, 28 percent more than last year,” Halevy told Breaking Israel News. We are always asking ourselves how we can create the new product that will give tourists a reason to stay another night in Jerusalem, and this is the product we need, and why the Night Spectacular is so important.”


Capture of the Ein Gedi Oasis pre-show of Tower of David Museum’s “Night Spectacular” on the Biblical story of David (Credit: Naftali Hilger – Tower of David Museum)

Likewise, Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat lauded the new night experience at the Tower of David as showcasing the cultural renaissance happening in Jerusalem.

“The Tower of David is an essential Jerusalem landmark that makes our city’s rich history accessible to visitors from Israel and around the globe,” the mayor said. “The new night experience at the Tower of David combines past, present, and future with advanced technology for an engaging display of Jerusalem’s unique role in the world.”

Source: New Sounds And Lights at Jerusalem’s Tower of David Celebrate Past, Present and Future of King David’s Capital City - Breaking Israel News | Latest News. Biblical Perspective.

Did Geologists Discover ‘Fountains of the Deep’ From Genesis Flood?

“In the six hundredth year of Noach’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day All the fountains of the great deep burst apart, And the floodgates of the sky broke open.” Genesis 7:11 (The Israel Bible™)

“In the six hundredth year of Noach’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day All the fountains of the great deep burst apart, And the floodgates of the sky broke open.” Genesis 7:11 (The Israel Bible™)

A team of scientists studying diamonds found as far as 500 miles underground has discovered a form of crystallized ice that has never been observed in nature before. The discovery indicates that huge water reserves flow through the earth’s mantle in a manner that very much resembles the “Fountains of the Deep” mentioned in the book of Genesis.

The team, led by geoscientist  Oliver Tschauner from the University of Nevada, investigated crystals that formed inside diamonds, which originated 250-500 miles underground, a region of the earth’s mantle known as the “transition zone.” The findings were published Thursday in the journal, Science.

The researchers discovered crystals were from the type, “ice-VII” that is formed under enormous pressure. The scientists estimated that the transition zone, where minerals are more soluble, holds up to ten times more water than other geologic regions. The samples of the diamonds were collected in China, South Africa and Botswana, suggesting that underground pockets of water can be found all over the world.

The ice-VII found in these diamonds was the first scientific evidence of aqueous fluid from the deep mantle. Ice-VII is a solid on the earth’s surface but is in liquid form at the depths from which it originates.

Dr. Oded Navon, professor of geology at Hebrew University, reviewed the study and was willing to discuss the applicability of the discovery of ice-VII to the Bible on a hypothetical level, concluding that the discovery of ice-VII was not evidence of the “Fountains of the Deep” mentioned in the book of Genesis..

“The study did not find proof of a layer of water under the earth,” Professor Navon said to Breaking Israel News.

Though Navon does not personally believe that the Bible describes actual historical events, he suggested how the discovery could be read into Biblical stories.

“If you believed in the Bible as a description of creation, the water in the earth’s mantle would not fit the description of the ‘water below.’”

Hashem made the expanse, and it separated the water which was below the expanse from the water which was above the expanse. And it was so. Genesis 1:7

“The waters were divided by the ‘rakia,’ (firmament) which is like a thin layer,” the professor said, citing the verse in Genesis.

Hashem called the expanse Sky. Genesis 1:8

“The study did suggest the possibility of pockets of water,” Dr. Navon said. “If you want to relate this to the Bible, it would fit nicely with the description of the Flood of Noah in which the flood resulted from rain and water from below.”

In the six hundredth year of Noach’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day All the fountains of the great deep burst apart, And the flood gaates of the sky broke open. Genesis 7:11

Although respectful of religion, Dr. Navon does not believe it has any relevance to his studies.

“The Torah is a beautiful Jewish mythology written by people I adore. It undoubtedly has great worth, but it is mythology, especially in relation to nature,” he said.

“To try to make a connection between the story of creation and science does not bear serious results. There are too many things the Torah does not mention. If God wrote it, he clearly did not intend for us to use it as a scientific manual.”

Dr. Gerald Schroeder, an Orthodox Jewish physicist with a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), believes the opposite is true; that the new discovery relates to the story of Creation.

“There is enough water there to easily flood the earth, but I don’t think this is the source of the water for the flood,” Dr. Schroeder told Breaking Israel News, explaining his interpretation of the Biblical flood as limited to a specific region.

“When the rain fell before the creation of Man, the Hebrew term used is ‘pnei ha’adamah (the surface of the earth).’”

But a flow would well up from the ground and water the whole surface of the earth. Genesis 2:6

“For the flood in the time of Noah, the words used are ‘pnei ha’aretz’ (surface of the land),” Dr. Schroeder noted.

And on the seventh day the waters of the Flood came upon the earth. Genesis 7:10

“‘Ha’adamah’ never appears again by itself in the Torah,” he noted. “Ha’adamah refers to a global phenomenon, but ‘haaretz’, as it describes the flood, refers to a regional phenomenon.

At the same time, Dr. Schroeder does not believe that the discovery of ice-VII is not relevant to Noah’s Flood.

“This scientific discovery has nothing to do with a specific region so it has nothing to do with the Biblical flood story,” he claimed.  “The flood certainly happened, but it did not destroy the entire world.”

Dr. Schroeder does feel however, that the discovery helps to emphasize the role that water plays in creation.

“The word ‘shamayim’ (heaven) means ‘sham mayim’ (there is water),” he explained. “Heaven was the first thing God created.”

Dr. Schroeder feels this Biblical aspect of water is lalso reflected in its physical characteristics.

“Water is an essential,” he said. “Nature likes water. Hydrogen and oxygen combine very readily. That’s why water is everywhere in the universe.”

This dual explanation, combining religious and scientific concepts, comes naturally to Dr. Schroeder. He sees science and religion as not only compatible but two fields which must necessarily coexist.

“People who know a lot about science usually get it wrong when they criticize Torah because they don’t know Torah,” Dr. Schroeder added.

“And vice versa. When people try to cancel out either science or Bible, they bend them, and that’s when conflicts occur.”

After a lifetime of religious and scientific studies, Dr. Schroeder sees the two seemingly divergent disciplines coming closer to each other.

“I see these discoveries through the lens of science that is coming closer and closer to seeing the world through the lens of Torah,” he said. “After all, science and Torah have the same author.”


Source: Did Geologists Discover ‘Fountains of the Deep’ From Genesis Flood?

Passover and the End Times




Biblical scholars are well aware of the fact that Jesus celebrated the Passover and that his celebration of this Mosaic festival must shape our understanding of the Lord’s Supper. But while these scholars stress the salvific significance of Passover, they virtually ignore its important eschatological background. (For the uninitiated, eschatology usually refers to what might happen towards the end of history). So, what does Passover have to do with eschatology in Matthew 26:26-29?

Passover evokes the story of the Exodus and God’s delivery of the Jewish people from slavery. Passover also evokes the story of Mt. Sinai and the ratification of the Mosaic covenant that formally established Israel as a nation.  Jesus’ declaration that, “this is my blood of the covenant” clearly echoes the words of Exodus 24:8: “This is the blood of the covenant.”

But the Passover celebration of Jesus’ day was more than just a memorial of Israel’s past redemption; it was also a celebration of Israel’s future restoration. The celebration of Passover evoked the theme of the eschatological New Exodus.  Biblical passages like Isaiah 11:15-16 and Ezekiel 20:33-38 reveal that Israel’s prophets appropriated the language of the exodus to describe Israel’s return from exile and the inauguration of the messianic era.

Similarly, in the rabbinic material, the Exodus is understood as a paradigm of Israel’s future redemption. Many of these texts express the belief that the Messiah would appear during the night of the Passover.  For example, in Mekhitla Exodus 12:42, we read, “In that night were they redeemed and in that night will they be redeemed in the future.”

According to the New Testament, Jesus does inaugurate the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31, which brings about the forgiveness of sin.  It is this event that sets in motion God’s plan to restore Israel! The Last Supper weaves together the Passover, the New Exodus, and the New Covenant to reveal God’s amazing plan to redeem his chosen people and to bring great blessing to the world-at-large.


White House officials: US peace plan does not include two-state solution

The New York Times interviewed White House officials about the US peace plan for the Israelis and the Palestinians. The full plan has yet to be published and details have been minimal.

Valerie Berkley
image descriptionTrump and Netanyahu Photo Credit: Kobi Richter/TPS

On Sunday, the New York Times reported that during an interview with three White House officials, details were provided regarding the US peace plan for Israel and the Palestinians. While the full details and content of the plan have yet to be unveiled, the officials stated that it will neither call for a two-state solution as one of the outlined goals nor include “fair and just solutions” in regard to Palestinian refugees.

However, the plan will suggest pathways for the establishment of two states and provide steps and alternatives for resolving the refugee problem. The plan will also address the key issues of the conflict: borders, security, refugees and the status of Jerusalem. The officials stated that there will be aspects of the plan that will be opposed and favored respectively by the Israelis and the Palestinians.

The officials also confirmed the upcoming conference discussing the Gaza humanitarian crisis. The meeting will be held on Tuesday and led by Jared Kushner and Jason Greenblatt. The Palestinian Authority has already stated that it will boycott the conference.

The officials believe that solving the Gaza crisis has a direct hand in aiding the peace process. The US, however, must reconcile relations with the Palestinians since Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and announced the move of the US embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv.

Is Easter a Pagan Holiday?


Dr. Faydra Shapiro
Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

There are a growing number of Christians who think that the celebration of “Easter” is rooted in pagan Babylonian tradition. One of the basic assumptions is that the name “Easter” is a Christian appropriation of “Ishtar”, a Babylonian fertility goddess. Even though the words may sound similar, they probably have no etymological connection. The English word “Easter” likely comes from the Proto-Germanic “austron”, which means “sunrise” – arguably a fitting name for a celebration that commemorates Jesus’ rising from the dead.

It is important to understand that outside of the English-speaking world, “Easter” is known by its proper name “Pascha”.  This means that the majority of Christians in the world celebrate, “Pascha” –  an Aramaic synonym of the Hebrew Pesach, which means “Passover,” rather than, “Easter.”

During this feast, traditional Christians celebrate the work of Christ’s redemption, believing that only in His resurrection is God’s forgiveness truly sealed. Because of Jesus’ resurrection, the wrath of God passes over the heads of believers just as the Angel of Death passed over the Israelite homes marked by the blood of the lamb during their captivity in Egypt.

However, an average, English-speaking Christian often fails to see the direct connection between “Easter/Pascha” and “Passover/Pesach”. Many of the rituals and customs appear different.  Also, in order to ensure that no one connected (and therefore confused) the two, it was decided at the Council of Nicea (325 CE) that the feast of Easter/Pascha would be celebrated according to a different calendar –  not on the 14th of Nissan as was originally decreed in the Torah of Moses.

Is Easter a Pagan holiday? No. In fact, it is fundamentally a biblical holiday, but one that has been robbed of its true Jewish character and taken out of its original Israelite setting.

Are Gentiles Stones Turned Children?